Esboço da cultura


Visão geral e guia tópico para a cultura

O seguinte esboço é fornecido como uma visão geral e guia tópica para a cultura:

Cultura - Conjunto de padrões de atividade humana dentro de uma comunidade ou grupo social e as estruturas simbólicas que dão significado a essa atividade. Alfândegas, leis, vestidos, estilo arquitetônico, padrões sociais e tradições são todos exemplos de elementos culturais. Desde 2010, a cultura é considerada o quarto pilar do desenvolvimento sustentável da UNESCO. Mais: Agenda 21 para cultura ou em curta cultura 21.

Grupos culturais

Community – a social unit of any size that shares common values. Communities range in size and scope from neighbourhoods to national communities to international communities. They can be physical (face-to-face) or virtual (online).People – a plurality of persons considered as a whole, as is the case with an ethnic group or nation. Collectively, for example, the contemporary Frisians and Danes are two related Germanic peoples, while various Middle Eastern ethnic groups are often linguistically categorized as the Semitic people. See the list of contemporary ethnic groups for more examples.Ethnic group – socially defined category of people who identify with each other based on common ancestral, social, cultural or national experience. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be defined by a shared cultural heritage, ancestry, origin myth, history, homeland, language and/or dialect, symbolic systems such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing style, physical appearance, etc.Society – a group of people involved in persistent interpersonal relationships, or a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, typically subject to the same political authority and dominant cultural expectations. Human societies are characterized by patterns of relationships (social relations) between individuals who share a distinctive culture and institutions; a given society may be described as the total of such relationships among its constituent members.Civilization – any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms (typically, writing systems), and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.

Elementos da cultura

The arts – vast subdivision of culture, composed of many creative endeavors and disciplines. The arts encompasses visual arts, literary arts and the performing arts.Clothing – Fashion, JewelryGastronomy – the art and science of good eating, including the study of food and culture.Food preparation – act of preparing foods for eating. It encompasses a vast range of methods, tools, and combinations of ingredients to improve the flavour and digestibility of food.Food and drink – examination and critique of society and culture, drawing from knowledge across the social sciences and humanities.Performing arts – those forms of art that use the artist's own body, face, and presence as a medium.Circus – performance of a company of clowns, acrobats, trained animals, trapeze artists, musicians, hoopers, tightrope walkers, jugglers, unicyclists and other object-manipulating and stunt-oriented artists, and a ringmaster.Comedy – any discourse or work generally intended to be humorous or to amuse by inducing laughter, especially in theatre, television, film and stand-up comedy.Stand-up comedy – performance by a comedian in front of a live audience, usually speaking directly to them.Dance – art form of movement of the body, usually rhythmic and to music, used as a form of expression, social interaction, or presented in a spiritual or performance setting.Film – moving pictures, the art form that records performances visually.Theatre – a collaborative form of fine art that uses live performers to present the experience of a real or imagined event before a live audience in a specific place.Music – an art form the medium of which is sound and silence.Music genresJazz – a musical style that originated at the beginning of the 20th century in African American communities in the Southern United States, mixing African and European music traditions.Opera – an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text (called a libretto) and musical score.Musical instruments – devices created or adapted to make musical sounds.Guitars – the guitar is a plucked string instrument, usually played with fingers or a pick. The guitar consists of a body with a rigid neck to which the strings, generally six in number, are attached. Guitars are traditionally constructed of various woods and strung with animal gut or, more recently, with either nylon or steel strings.Stagecraft – technical aspects of theatrical, film, and video production. It includes, but is not limited to, constructing and rigging scenery, hanging and focusing of lighting, design and procurement of costumes, makeup, procurement of props, stage management, and recording and mixing of sound.Visual arts – art forms that create primarily visual works.Architecture – The art and science of designing and erecting buildings and other physical structures.Classical architecture – the architecture of classical antiquity and later architectural styles influenced by it.Crafts – recreational activities and hobbies that involve making things with one's hands and skill.Design – the process for planning the overall look of an objectDrawing – visual art that makes use of any number of drawing instruments to mark a two-dimensional medium.Film – moving pictures.Painting – the practice of applying paint, pigment, colour or another medium to a surface with a brush or other object.History of paintingPhotography – art, science, and practice of creating pictures by recording radiation on a radiation-sensitive medium, such as a photographic film, or electronic image sensors.Sculpture – three-dimensional artwork created by shaping or combining hard materials - typically stone such as marble - or metal, glass, or wood.Entertainment – any activity which provides a diversion or permits people to amuse themselves in their leisure time. Entertainment is generally passive, such as watching opera or a movie.Fiction – any form of narrative which deals, in part or whole, with events that are not factual, but rather, imaginary and invented by its author(s).James Bond – fictional character created in 1953 by writer Ian Fleming. Since then, the character has grown to icon status, featured in many novels, movies, video games and other media.Fantasy – genre of fiction using magic and the supernatural as primary elements of plot, theme or setting, often in imaginary worlds, generally avoiding the technical/scientific content typical of Science fiction, but overlapping with itMiddle-earth – fantasy setting by writer J.R.R. Tolkien, home to hobbits, orcs, and many other mystical races and creatures.Science fiction – a genre of fiction dealing with imaginary but more or less plausible (or at least nonsupernatural) content such as future settings, futuristic science and technology, space travel, aliens, and paranormal abilities. Exploring the consequences of scientific innovations is one purpose of science fiction, making it a "literature of ideas."Games – structured playing, usually undertaken for enjoyment, involving goals, rules, challenge, and interaction.Board gamesChess – two-player board game played on a chessboard, a square-checkered board with 64 squares arranged in an eight-by-eight grid. Each player begins the game with sixteen pieces: One king, one queen, two rooks, two knights, two bishops, and eight pawns.Card gamesPoker – family of card games that share betting rules and usually (but not always) hand rankings.Video games – electronic games that involve interaction with a user interface to generate visual feedback on a video device.Performing arts – those forms of art that use the artist's own body, face, and presence as a medium. See above.Sports – organized, competitive, entertaining, and skilful activity requiring commitment, strategy, and fair play, in which a winner can be defined by objective means. Generally speaking, a sport is a game based in physical athleticism.Ball gamesBaseball – bat-and-ball sport played between two teams of nine players each. The aim is to score runs by hitting a thrown ball with a bat and touching a series of four bases arranged at the corners of a ninety-foot diamond.Basketball – team sport in which two teams of five players try to score points by throwing or "shooting" a ball through the top of a basketball hoop while following a set of rules.Tennis – sport usually played between two players (singles) or between two teams of two players each (doubles), using specialized racquets to strike a felt-covered hollow rubber ball over a net into the opponent's court.Canoeing and kayaking – two closely related forms of watercraft paddling, involving manually propelling and navigating specialized boats called canoes and kayaks using a blade that is joined to a shaft, known as a paddle, in the water.Combat sportsFencing – family of combat sports using bladed weapons.Martial arts – extensive systems of codified practices and traditions of combat, practised for a variety of reasons, including self-defence, competition, physical health and fitness, as well as mental and spiritual development.Cycling sport – bicycle racing and track cycling.Motorcycling – riding a motorcycle. A variety of subcultures and lifestyles have been built up around motorcycling and motorcycle racing.Running – moving rapidly on foot, during which both feet are off the ground at regular intervals.Humanities – academic disciplines that study the human condition, using methods that are primarily analytical, critical, or speculative, as distinguished from the mainly empirical approaches of the natural sciences.Area studies – comprehensive interdisciplinary research and the academic study of the people and communities of particular regions. Disciplines applied to include history, political science, sociology, cultural studies, languages, geography, literature, and related disciplines.Sinology – study of China and things related to China, such as its classical language and literature.Classical studies – a branch of the Humanities comprising the languages, literature, philosophy, history, art, archaeology and all other cultural elements of the ancient Mediterranean world (Bronze Age ca. BC 3000 – Late Antiquity ca. AD 300–600); especially Ancient Greece and Ancient Rome.Mass media – diversified media technologies and their content that are intended to reach a large audience by mass communication. Includes radio and television programming; mass publishing of books, magazines, and newspapers; web content; and films and audio recordings.Tradition – belief or behaviour passed down within a group or society with symbolic meaning or special significance with origins in the past. Common examples include holidays or impractical but socially meaningful clothes (like lawyer wigs or military officer spurs), but the idea has also been applied to social norms such as greetings.Celebration –Festivals – entertainment events centring on and celebrating a unique aspect of a community, usually staged by that community.Tourism – travel for recreational, leisure, or business purposes. The World Tourism Organization defines tourists as people "travelling to and staying in places outside their usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business and other purposes." Tourism is important, and in some cases, vital for many countries. It was recognized in the Manila Declaration on World Tourism of 1980 as "an activity essential to the life of nations because of its direct effects on the social, cultural, educational, and economic sectors of national societies and their international relations." Tourist attraction – place of interest where tourists visit, typically for its inherent or exhibited natural or cultural value, historical significance, natural or built beauty, offering leisure, adventure and amusement.Lists of tourist attractions

Tipos de culturas

Organizational culture – behaviour of humans within an organization and the meaning that people attach to those behaviours. An organization's culture includes its vision, values, norms, systems, countries, symbols, language, assumptions, beliefs, and habits.

Culturas por aspecto

Consumer culture – a society based on consumerismHigh context culture – a culture with the tendency use high context messages, resulting in catering towards in-groupsLow context culture – culture with a tendency not to cater towards in-groupsNon-institutional culture - culture that is emerging bottom-up from self-organizing grassroot initiatives, rather than top-down from the stateParticipatory culture – a culture in which private persons (the public) do not act as consumers only, but also as contributors or producers (prosumers)Permission culture – a society in which copyright restrictions are pervasive and enforced to the extent that any uses of copyrighted works need to be explicitly leasedRemix culture – a society which allows and encourages derivative worksTraditional culture – a community that chooses to remain focused on subsistence as a major cornerstone of their economic behaviour, as well as, adheres to their ancestral belief-systems and mannerism.

Seções culturais

Animal culture – cultural phenomena pertaining to animalsChildren's culture – cultural phenomena pertaining to childrenChildren's street culture – cumulative culture created by young childrenCoffee culture – social atmosphere or series of associated social behaviors that depends heavily upon coffee, particularly as a social lubricantCulture of capitalism – the lifestyle of the people living within a capitalist society, and the effects of a global or national capitalist economy on a populationCyberculture – cultural phenomena pertaining to cyberspaceDIY culture – refers to a wide range of elements in non-mainstream society, such as grassroots political and social activism, independent music, art, and filmDominant culture – the established language, religion, behavior, values, rituals, and social customs of a societyDrinking culture – the customs and practices of people who drink alcoholic beveragesFolk culture (Folklore) – traditional culture; traditional cultural traits of a communityLow culture – non-transcendent; not worth studying or researchingHigh culture – transcendent in two ways: internationally and timelessOfficial culturePolitical cultureCivic political culturePopular culture – totality of ideas, perspectives, attitudes, memes, images and other phenomena that permeate the everyday lives of a given society, especially those heavily influenced by mass media.Print cultureSafety culture – the way in which safety is managed in the workplace, which often reflects "the attitudes, beliefs, perceptions and values that employees share in relation to safety."Tea cultureTrash cultureUrban cultureVernacular cultureYouth culture - refers to the societal norms of children, adolescents, and young adults. Specifically, it comprises the processes and symbolic systems that are shared by the youth demographic and are distinct from those of adults in the community.



Lifestyle enclaveTypes of culturesAlternative cultureSpecific subculturesAssociation football cultureCycling subculture – a culture that supports, encourages, and has high bicycle usageDeaf culture – social beliefs, behaviors, art, literary traditions, history, values and shared institutions of communities that are affected by deafness and which use sign languages as the main means of communication. When used as a cultural label, the word "deaf" is often written with a capital D, and referred to as "big D Deaf" in speech and sign.Ethical cultureGun cultureHorse culture – a community whose day-to-day life revolves around the herding and breeding of horsesLGBT cultureModern juggling cultureSurf cultureVideo game culture

Disciplinas acadêmicas que estudam a cultura

AnthropologyCultural anthropology – branch of anthropology focused on the study of cultural variation.Archaeology – history studies in the physical aspects or artefacts of cultures.culture-historical archaeologySociocultural evolutionBiologySociobiologySocial neuroscienceCultural neuroscienceCultural history – an academic discipline that combines the approaches of anthropology and history to look at popular cultural traditions and cultural interpretations of historical experience. It examines the records and narrative descriptions of past knowledge, customs, and arts of a group of people.Cultural studies – an academic discipline that studies the forces from which the whole of humankind construct their daily lives. It seeks to understand how meaning is generated and disseminated through practices, beliefs, and political, economic, or social structures within a given culture.Ethnic studiesPopular culture studies – generally considered a combination of communication studies and cultural studies, it analyzes popular culture from a critical theory perspective.Culturology – social science concerned with the scientific understanding, description, analysis and prediction of cultural activities.Culture theory – seeks to define the heuristic concept of culture in operational and/or scientific terms.Human geography – social science that studies the world, its people, communities, and cultures with an emphasis on relations of and across space and place.Philosophy of culturePsychologyEvolutionary psychologyCultural psychologySociology – scientific study of human society. The traditional focuses of sociology have included social stratification, social class, culture, social mobility, religion, secularization, law, and deviance.Sociology of cultureSound culture – an interdisciplinary field which considers "the material production and consumption of music, sound, noise and silence, and how these have changed throughout history and within different societies, but does this from a much broader perspective than standard disciplines."Visual culture

Culturas dos mundos

Estudo sobre as areas

Estudo sobre as areas

Classical studiesSinology

Culturas de continentes e principais regiões geopolíticas

(non-continents are italicized)Culture of AfricaCulture of AntarcticaCulture of AsiaCulture of EuropeCulture of North AmericaCulture of OceaniaCulture of AustraliaCulture of South America

Culturas de divisões políticas do mundo

(Organizado pelo continente ou pela grande região geopolítica)

Cultures of Africa

Cultura da África

West AfricaCulture of BeninCulture of Burkina FasoCulture of Cape VerdeCulture of Ivory CoastCulture of the GambiaCulture of GhanaCulture of GuineaCulture of Guinea-BissauCulture of LiberiaCulture of MaliCulture of MauritaniaCulture of NigerCulture of NigeriaCulture of SenegalCulture of Sierra LeoneCulture of TogoNorth AfricaCulture of AlgeriaCulture of EgyptCulture of LibyaCulture of MauritaniaCulture of MoroccoCulture of SudanCulture of TunisiaCulture of Western SaharaCentral AfricaCulture of AngolaCulture of BurundiCulture of CameroonCulture of the Central African RepublicCulture of ChadCulture of the Democratic Republic of the CongoCulture of Equatorial GuineaCulture of GabonCulture of the Republic of the CongoCulture of RwandaCulture of São Tomé and PríncipeEast AfricaCulture of BurundiCulture of ComorosCulture of DjiboutiCulture of EritreaCulture of EthiopiaCulture of KenyaCulture of MadagascarCulture of MalawiCulture of MauritiusCulture of MozambiqueCulture of RwandaCulture of SeychellesCulture of SomaliaCulture of South SudanCulture of TanzaniaCulture of UgandaCulture of ZambiaCulture of ZimbabweSouthern AfricaCulture of BotswanaCulture of LesothoCulture of NamibiaCulture of South AfricaCulture of SwazilandDependencies in AfricaCulture of the British Indian Ocean Territory (UK)Culture of Mayotte (France)Culture of Réunion (France)Culture of Saint Helena (UK)Culture of the Canary Islands (Spain)Culture of Ceuta (Spain)Culture of Madeira (Portugal)Culture of Melilla (Spain)Culture of Socotra (Yemen)Culture of PuntlandCulture of SomalilandCulture of the Sahrawi Arab Democratic RepublicCulture of AntarcticaNo political divisions and no permanent populationCultures of Asia

Cultura da Ásia

Central AsiaCulture of KazakhstanCulture of KyrgyzstanCulture of TajikistanCulture of TurkmenistanCulture of UzbekistanEast AsiaCulture of ChinaCulture of TibetSpecial Administrative regions of ChinaCulture of Hong KongCulture of MacauCulture of JapanCulture of North KoreaCulture of South KoreaCulture of MongoliaCulture of TaiwanNorth AsiaCulture of RussiaSoutheast AsiaCulture of BruneiCulture of BurmaCulture of CambodiaCulture of East TimorCulture of IndonesiaCulture of LaosCulture of MalaysiaCulture of the PhilippinesCulture of SingaporeCulture of ThailandCulture of VietnamSouth AsiaCulture of AfghanistanCulture of BangladeshCulture of BhutanCulture of IndiaCulture of IranCulture of MaldivesCulture of NepalCulture of PakistanCulture of Sri LankaWest AsiaCulture of ArmeniaCulture of AzerbaijanCulture of BahrainCulture of CyprusCulture of Northern CyprusCulture of GeorgiaCulture of IraqCulture of IsraelCulture of JordanCulture of KuwaitCulture of LebanonCulture of OmanCulture of PalestineCulture of QatarCulture of Saudi ArabiaCulture of SyriaCulture of TurkeyCulture of the United Arab EmiratesCulture of YemenCultures of the Caucasus

(uma região considerada na Ásia e na Europa ou entre eles)

North CaucasusParts of RussiaCulture of ChechnyaCulture of IngushetiaCulture of DagestanCulture of AdygheaCulture of Kabardino-BalkariaCulture of Karachay–CherkessiaCulture of North OssetiaCulture of Krasnodar KraiCulture of Stavropol KraiSouth CaucasusCulture of GeorgiaCulture of AbkhaziaCulture of South OssetiaCulture of ArmeniaCulture of AzerbaijanCulture of Nagorno-KarabakhCultures of Europe

Cultura da Europa

Culture of Akrotiri and DhekeliaCulture of ÅlandCulture of AlbaniaCulture of AndorraCulture of ArmeniaCulture of AustriaCulture of AzerbaijanCulture of BelarusCulture of BelgiumCulture of Bosnia and HerzegovinaCulture of BulgariaCulture of CroatiaCulture of CyprusCulture of the Czech RepublicCulture of DenmarkCulture of EstoniaCulture of the Faroe IslandsCulture of FinlandCulture of FranceCulture of GeorgiaCulture of GermanyCulture of GibraltarCulture of GreeceCulture of GuernseyCulture of HungaryCulture of IcelandCulture of the Republic of IrelandCulture of the Isle of ManCulture of ItalyCulture of JerseyCulture of KazakhstanCulture of KosovoCulture of LatviaCulture of LiechtensteinCulture of LithuaniaCulture of LuxembourgCulture of MaltaCulture of MoldovaCulture of TransnistriaCulture of MonacoCulture of MontenegroCulture of the NetherlandsCulture of North MacedoniaCulture of NorwayCulture of PolandCulture of PortugalCulture of RomaniaCulture of RussiaCulture of San MarinoCulture of SerbiaCulture of SlovakiaCulture of SloveniaCulture of SpainCulture of SvalbardCulture of SwedenCulture of SwitzerlandCulture of TurkeyCulture of UkraineCulture of the United KingdomCulture of EnglandCulture of CornwallCulture of SussexCulture of YorkshireCulture of Northern IrelandCulture of ScotlandCulture of WalesCulture of Vatican CityCulture of the European UnionCultures of North America

Cultura da América do Norte

Culture of CanadaCulture of AlbertaCulture of British ColumbiaCulture of ManitobaCulture of New BrunswickCulture of Newfoundland and LabradorCulture of Nova ScotiaCulture of OntarioCulture of Prince Edward IslandCulture of QuebecCulture of SaskatchewanCulture of GreenlandCulture of MexicoCulture of Saint Pierre and MiquelonCulture of the United StatesCulture of AlabamaCulture of AlaskaCulture of ArizonaCulture of ArkansasCulture of CaliforniaCulture of ColoradoCulture of ConnecticutCulture of DelawareCulture of FloridaCulture of GeorgiaCulture of HawaiiCulture of IdahoCulture of IllinoisCulture of IndianaCulture of IowaCulture of MontanaCulture of KansasCulture of KentuckyCulture of LouisianaCulture of MaineCulture of MarylandCulture of MassachusettsCulture of MichiganCulture of MinnesotaCulture of MississippiCulture of MissouriCulture of NebraskaCulture of NevadaCulture of New HampshireCulture of New JerseyCulture of New MexicoCulture of New YorkCulture of North CarolinaCulture of North DakotaCulture of OhioCulture of OklahomaCulture of OregonCulture of PennsylvaniaCulture of Rhode IslandCulture of South CarolinaCulture of South DakotaCulture of TennesseeCulture of TexasCulture of UtahCulture of VermontCulture of VirginiaCulture of WashingtonCulture of West VirginiaCulture of WisconsinCulture of WyomingCulture of Washington, D.C.Central AmericaCulture of BelizeCulture of Costa RicaCulture of El SalvadorCulture of GuatemalaCulture of HondurasCulture of NicaraguaCulture of PanamaCaribbeanCulture of AnguillaCulture of Antigua and BarbudaCulture of ArubaCulture of the BahamasCulture of BarbadosCulture of BermudaCulture of the British Virgin IslandsCulture of the Cayman IslandsCulture of CubaCulture of DominicaCulture of the Dominican RepublicCulture of GrenadaCulture of GuadeloupeCulture of HaitiCulture of JamaicaCulture of MartiniqueCulture of MontserratCulture of Navassa IslandCulture of the Netherlands AntillesCulture of Puerto RicoCulture of Saint BarthélemyCulture of Saint Kitts and NevisCulture of Saint LuciaCulture of Saint MartinCulture of Saint Vincent and the GrenadinesCulture of Trinidad and TobagoCulture of the Turks and Caicos IslandsCulture of the United States Virgin IslandsCultures of Oceania

Cultura da Oceania

AustralasiaCulture of AustraliaDependencies/Territories of AustraliaCulture of Christmas IslandCulture of the Cocos (Keeling) IslandsCulture of Norfolk IslandCulture of New ZealandMelanesiaCulture of FijiCulture of IndonesiaCulture of New Caledonia (France)Culture of Papua New GuineaCulture of the Solomon IslandsCulture of VanuatuMicronesiaCulture of the Federated States of MicronesiaCulture of Guam (USA)Culture of KiribatiCulture of the Marshall IslandsCulture of NauruCulture of the Northern Mariana Islands (USA)Culture of PalauCulture of Wake Island (USA)PolynesiaCulture of American Samoa (USA)Culture of the Chatham Islands (NZ)Culture of the Cook Islands (NZ)Culture of Easter Island (Chile)Culture of French Polynesia (France)Culture of Hawaii (USA)Culture of the Loyalty Islands (France)Culture of Niue (NZ)Culture of the Pitcairn Islands (UK)Culture of AdamstownCulture of SamoaCulture of Tokelau (NZ)Culture of TongaCulture of TuvaluCulture of Wallis and Futuna (France)Cultures of South America

Cultura da América do Sul

Culture of ArgentinaCulture of BoliviaCulture of BrazilCulture of ChileCulture of ColombiaCulture of EcuadorCulture of the Falkland IslandsCulture of French GuianaCulture of GuyanaCulture of ParaguayCulture of PeruCulture of SurinameCulture of UruguayCulture of VenezuelaCultures of the South AmericaCulture of Ascension IslandCulture of Saint HelenaCulture of Tristan da Cunha

História da cultura

Principais artigos: história cultural e arqueologia da história cultural

Histórias culturais

By periodCulture during the Cold WarBy regionCultural history of the United StatesCultural history of TaiwanHistory of Lithuanian cultureHistory of Russian cultureBy subjectEarth in cultureWorld War II in contemporary cultureMedieval maritime culture

Culturas históricas

Culture of ancient ChinaCulture of ancient GreeceCulture of ancient RomeCulture of ancient RusClovis cultureMississippian cultureVinca cultureHuman sacrifice in Aztec culture

Política da cultura

The arts and politics – as they respond to contemporaneous events and politics, the arts take on political as well as social dimensions, becoming themselves a focus of controversy and even a force of political as well as social change.Culture change –Culture of fear –Culture of life –Culture minister –Official culture –Political culture –

Sociologia da cultura

Animal culture –Constructed culture –Counterculture –Cross-cultural communication –Cultural bias –Cultural dissonance –Cultural evolution –Cultural icon –Cultural imperialism –Cultural movement –Cultural phenomenon –Cultural system –Cultural universals –Culture assimilators –Culture clashCulture gap –Culture hero –Culture industry –Culture note –Culture of poverty –Culture shock –Culture theory –Culture speculation –Culture war –Death and culture –Demographics –Emotions and Culture –Ethnocentrism –High culture –Intercultural competence –Low culture –Right to science and culture –Social fact –Symbolic culture –Third culture kid –Transformation of culture –Trash culture –Urban culture –

Campos de pesquisa

Semiotics of culture – studies culture in relation to language and as a symbolic system of signs

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