Status de conservação de um idioma
A imagem mostra os dialetos dos romani, que estão sob ameaça de desaparecimento.
O grau de ameaça é uma avaliação atribuída pela UNESCO aos idiomas no atlas dos idiomas do mundo em perigo. A avaliação é dada de acordo com nove critérios, o mais importante dos quais é o critério de transmissão de linguagem entre gerações.
Grau de ameaça
statusexplanationexamples SafeThe language is used by all generations. The transmission of the language from generation to generation is not disturbedEnglish, Arabic, Spanish, German, Russian, French and other2 vulnerableThe language is used by most children, but it is used with some restrictions. For example, they speak this language only at home.Adyghe, Anal, Bashkir, Belarusian, Chuvash, Neapolitan, Yiddish and otherDefinitely endangeredThe language is not learned by children as a nativeErzya, Mari, Newar, Romani, Udmurt, Walloon and otherSeverely endangeredThe language is used by older generations and is understandable to parents, but they do not use it when communicating with children and among themselvesBreton, Ingrian, Judaeo-Spanish, Nafusi, Nanai and otherLanguage revitalizationThe language is in the process of being restoredCornish, Manchu, Manx and otherEndangered languagesOnly old people know the language and it is rarely used by themDahalik, Duruwa, Orok, Tofa, Ulch and otherExtinct language1. There are no living native speakers in the world 2. Previously, the language definitely existed, but now there is no reliable information about its state1. Dalmatian, Obispeño, Gothic2. Ancient Cappadocian, Livonian, Yukaghir