Memória folclórica


Supostos memórias folclóricas


Landing at Cape York by Willem Janszoon, the first European to see the coast of Australia, 1606.Myths from Native American and First nations groups about the 1700 Cascadia earthquake.The Tel Dan Stele (c. 870-750 BCE) contains an inscription translated as "House of David", believed by some to refer to King David (c. 1010-970 BCE)The Origin of Fire in the Finnish national epic Kalevala, possibly originating to the meteorite impact resulting in Kaali crater in Estonia 4,000 – 7,600 years ago.Various Great Flood myths, possibly reflecting a flooding of the Black Sea basin c. 5600 BCEThe Klamath Indian myth concerning the eruption of Mount Mazama c. 5700 BCE
Um modelo da águia do Haast atacando um MOA com suas grandes garras. Acredita -se que a águia do Haast seja objeto de muitas lendas maori


Place names have been used to reconstruct the past frequency and distribution of the wolf and beaver in Great Britain, where such species are no longer present.Māori legends of a man-eating bird, known variously as the Pouakai, Hokioi, or Hakawai are commonly believed to recount Haast's eagle, a giant predatory bird that became extinct with the moa only 600 years ago. Opposing claims have been made that associate the Hokioi and Hakawai with the extirpated Coenocorypha snipe.Mapinguari legends of a giant sloth-like creature that corresponds with the Megatherium, which has been extinct for 10,000 years.Legends of the bunyip within Australian Aboriginal mythology have been associated with extinct marsupial megafauna such as Zygomaturus or Palorchestes. When shown fossil remains, some Aborigines identified them as those of the bunyip.Descriptions of the mihirung paringmal among Western Victorian Aborigines correspond to the extinct giant birds the Dromornithidae.A Noongar Aboriginal story from Perth, Western Australia, has been interpreted as referring to the extinct giant monitor lizard Megalania.Legends throughout Eurasia describing creatures such as the unicorn may have been based upon Elasmotherium, a rhinoceros believed to have been extinct for up to 50,000 years.[original research?]The Ebu Gogo myths of the people of Flores have been hypothesised to represent Homo floresiensis, which perhaps became extinct around 10,000 BCE (although the Flores Islanders hold that the Ebu Gogo remained alive 400 years ago).An Inuit string figure representing a large creature is identified with the extinct woolly mammothLegends from dozens of Native American tribes have been interpreted by some as indicative of Woolly Mammoth. One example is from the Kaska tribe from northern British Columbia; in 1917 an ethnologist recorded their tradition of: “A very large kind of animal which roamed the country a long time ago. It corresponded somewhat to white men's pictures of elephants. It was of huge size, in build like an elephant, had tusks, and was hairy. These animals were seen not so very long ago, it is said, generally singly, but none have been seen now for several generations. Indians come across their bones occasionally. The narrator said he and some others, a few years ago, came on a shoulder-blade... as wide as a table (about three feet).” However, the animal in this story was predatory and carnivorous, suggesting the memory of the proboscideans had become conflated with that of other megafauna, such as bears and sabertooths.

Ainda mais do que o comum para o estudo da história, as conexões históricas plausíveis listadas acima podem ser imprecisas devido à dificuldade de reunir juntos fragmentos pré -históricos ou preliterados de evidência em um entendimento significativo. Eles devem confiar em mais especulações para preencher lacunas de evidência do que seriam aceitáveis ​​em outro contexto que proporcionou uma verificabilidade mais rigorosa dos registros disponíveis. [Citação necessária]

Veja também

Cultural memoryEuhemerism

Leitura adicional

Guy Beiner, Remembering the Year of the French: Irish Folk History and Social Memory, University of Wisconsin Press (2007)